Ten Commandments
The Ten Commandments, also called the Decalogue, are found in the Bible's Old Testament at Exodus, Chapter 20. They were given directly by God, through Moses, to the people of Israel at Mount Sinai after He had delivered them from slavery in Egypt. They are translated as follows:
  1. You shall have no other gods before Me.
  2. You shall not make for yourself a carved image--any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
  3. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain.
  4. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
  5. Honor your father and your mother.
  6. You shall not murder.
  7. You shall not commit adultery.
  8. You shall not steal.
  9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
  10. You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's.

The first 4 commandments deal with man's relationship to God, and the last 6 deal with man's relationship to man. They were destroyed by Moses at God's command, who later etched a similar pair of tablets.